Malaria and its impact on Africa; what you didn't know.
by Lucas Jako
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Out of all all communicable diseases, Malaria is the 3rd largest killer of children aged between one month and five years following pneumonia and diarrhea.
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Sub-Sahara is disproportionally impacted by Malaria. Out of 400.000 deaths reported every year worldwide, more than 90% of them are accounted in Africa.
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Malaria finds its victims amongst the most vulnerable segments of the population: children under five years old, the poorest, pregnant women. Deaths in pregnancy are disproportionally caused by Malaria.
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Symptoms can range from inexistent to extreme. They can include fever, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, chills, headache, muscle aches, cough and sweating. If not treated within 24 hours the disease can cause impairment of brain and spinal cord function, loss of consciousness and death.
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Sleeping under Insecticide Treated Bed nets is the most cost-effective way to fight against the spread of Malaria. A net costs only 1,70€ and can save the lives of a family of 5 people for 3-5 years.
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Between the years 2000 and 2015, globals cases of Malaria dropped by more than 35% resulting in a drop of 60% of the associated mortality rate. The lives of 5,9 million children were saved in the timespan.
Fighting the spread of communicable diseases like Malaria has been identified as one of the most cost effective ways to reduce poverty and children and women mortality.